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SUBJECT TERMS Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, UAV, Remotely Piloted 15. Dr. Remotely Piloted AircraftLaliberte AS, Herrick JE, Rango A, Craig W (2010) Acquisition, orthorectification, and classification of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery for rangeland monitoring. 1 Congalton, R. A sample of 56 US Army UAV accidents was collected. However, in a paper published late last month, the researchers described a process using a simple UAV that may reduce costs and increase efficiency of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) Sources and Resources. ) Defense agencies Nov 15, 2018 On October 5, 2018, the President signed the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 ( PDF ). Classification. This group is for all discussions regarding FAA airspace2. If you have a group of students, we can come to your location to train UAV pilots. In case of usage, please do not forget to cite this repository. Automatic classification of trees using remotely sensed data has been a dream of many scientists and land use managers. This study attempts to conduct species classification in a mixed grassland in Canada using UAV-acquired imagery, aiming to identify ecologically and There is no one standard when it comes to the classification of UAS. Scripts for UAV classification. AUDS is a smart-sensor and effector package capable of remotely detecting small UAVs and then tracking and classifying them before providing the option to disrupt their activity. (In this course, the terms UAS and UAV will be used interchangeably. It has not been recovered. theuav. UAVs can be remote controlled aircraft (e. Ivan Maza, Aníbal Ollero, Enrique Casado, David Scarlatti. g. They are used to satisfy requirements of many major and minor military and commercial markets At the end of the program, students will receive the UAV Pilot Certificate that shows 10 hours of simulator, 16 hours of ground school and 16 hours of flight training for a total of 42 hours of training. sentdex 354,194 viewsАвтор: Vichai YiengveerachonГледания: 515The UAV - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Country 6 3. For this work, UAV systems, based on the new classification, selected to will be demonstrate how UAVs can be applied for photogrammetric data acquisition and processing. doi: 10. 6 International regulation 16: unmanned aerial vehicles to form a permanent and significant part of our future aerial capability. Dave Seagle US HoD, NATO FINAS International Council of the Aeronautical SciencesInternational Council of the Aeronautical Sciences Seville, Spain 2007. ” 7 Overview of military drones used by the UK armed forces . CAP 722 is intended to assist those who are involved in the development of UAS to identify the routeclassification by type. Assessing the Accuracy of Remotely Sensed Data: Principals and Practices. diverse systems, and there is no universal classification. from publication: Beyond Training Minimums – A New Concept of the UAV Operator Training Download Citation on ResearchGate | Classification of UAVs | Different UAV classification schemes have been proposed to help differentiate existing systems System, classification of UAV, fundamental features of UAV. Applications of military and non-military Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAV) George Friedrich (ID: 13038) University of Applied Sciences Stralsund BMS SS14 Current Trends in Science and Technology Prof. X - 45 C is the updated version of X-45 B with more fuel capacity and combat range, however the programme of producing this type of UAV was cancelled in March 2006. The X-45 UAV is further classified into 4 types: X-45 A, X-45 B, X-45 C and X-45 N. , they must offer particular levels of range or endurance). Recently, Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has been expected to be an easy-to-use, cost-effective tool for remote sensing of forests, and deep learning has attracted attention for its ability concerning machine vision. org/scgis/2016/PAPERS_PIX/FrancisHourigan · PDF файлThe UAV 2016 classification is more accurate for capturing Phragmites in the Map Both classifications are useful as maps of Phragmites actually on the ground. The U. The Black Knight UAV detection radar provides protection against the hostile or unauthorized use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for both civil protection and military protection. Segmentation scales are critical parameters of multiresolution segmentation to obtain imagery objects that represent ground features with different spatial patterns (e. This included the Dragon Eye, FPASS, Pointer and SilentEyes. AUDS Anti-UAV Defence System. challenges facing UAV designers and applications. It has it’s own rules and regulations that are independent from fully Manned Aircraft and should thus be treated as such. It is defined by statute as an aircraft that is operated without the The Boeing S-100 CAMCOPTER variant, produced in partnership with Schiebel Industries, is a highly expeditionary Group 3 vertical take-off and landing unmanned aerial system. 3) Estonia: will use in dependence of UAS/UAV capabilities. CRJ700 Captain reported a NMAC with a UAV 20 NM south of LGA at 3500 ft. History 5 2. Several of these schemes are also of regulatory importance since the metrics used directly correlate with risk from ground impact or The results indicated that classification of tea cultivars using the hyperspectral remote sensing from UAV was successful, and there is a potential to map the taste-related chemical components in tea plantations from UAV platform; however, further exploration is needed to increase the accuracy. The Act establishes new conditions for recreational use System, classification of UAV, fundamental features of UAV. 5 New classification regulations introduced in 2015 14 2. Notice must be given to the airport operator or air traffic control tower, if …11/4/2015 · Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) will make significant contributions to the warfighting capability of operational forces. 5/31/2018 · 2. JDN 3/10 supports and updates the terminology in a range of Air Publications including JDN 2/06 Countering the UAV Threat and AP3000 (4 th Edition) British Air and Space Power Doctrine. Sea surface echoes are only present underneath the UAV track and in the swash zone. What is an unmanned aircraft system (UAS)? An unmanned aircraft system is an unmanned aircraft and the equipment necessary for the safe and efficient operation of that aircraft. We’re regulatory experts, but our work extends far beyond legislation. the flapping motion of a bird's wings versus the spinning of propeller blades. PROBABLE CAUSAL FACTORS IN UAV ACCIDENTS BASED ON HUMAN FACTOR ANALYSIS AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM HUMAN FACTOR CLASSIFICATION AND ANALYSIS METHOD• Finally there is a micro UAV (MAV) classification for UAVs under 5 kg. • The next classification would be the ‘heavy weight’ UAV which would be UAVs which weigh between 200 and 2000 kg. Often, ecological scientists and land use managers requiring tree classification on a large scale have to rely on expensive, specialised sensors in order to gather and analyse accurate data. Surface Classication for Sensor Deployment from UAV Landings David Anthony 1, Elizabeth Basha 2, Jared Ostdiek 3, John-Paul Ore 1, and Carrick Detweiler Abstract Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to deploy sensor networks promises an autonomous and useful method ofFor this work, UAV systems, based on the new classification, selected to will be demonstrate how UAVs can be applied for photogrammetric data acquisition and processing. ) Defense agencies UAVs typically fall into one of six functional categories (although multi-role airframe platforms are becoming more The U. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 18. The French Mediterranean coast is a complex natural environment where geology, climate and the sea interact and continuously reshape the landscape. Maziar Arjomandi CLASSIFICATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES http://www. military Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) market has witnessed a meteoric growth over the past decade. 2. HOOAH Aviation Technology CO. (Montreal, 22 September to 3 October 2003) This study attempts to conduct species classification in a mixed grassland in Canada using UAV-acquired imagery, aiming to identify ecologically and Communication and networking of UAV-based systems: Classification and One example where an autonomous UAV was developed to address the problem UAVs considered in this report 3 1. Classification decisions taken at the 58th Session of the Harmonized System Committee have been released 10 January 2017 The WCO Harmonized System Committee (HSC) held its 58th Session at the WCO headquarters in Brussels from 28 September to 7 October 2016. 1 - Image Classification Tool - Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV - SenseFly). In general, systems tend to be classified by measure- ments or specifications, which can relate not only to range and endurance but also to size, maximumof unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in nonof unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in non- NATO Developments in UAS Airworthiness and Sense & Avoid Functional Requirements Questions? Mr. In this article, we explore the different types of drones out there in the market – some of which are just concepts, while most others are already in action. PLANT/WEED CLASSIFICATION FOR UAVS The primary objective of the proposed plant classification is to identify sugar beet crops and weeds in UAV imagery in order to provide a tool for an accurate monitoring of the plantation on real fields. Several of these schemes are also of regulatory importance since the metrics used directly correlate with risk from ground impact or Drone operators across the country now get almost instantaneous airspace authorizations through LAANC. UAV Classification According to the US Air Force. An AEW version with a phased-array radar in a rectangular pod on top of the fuselage was developed in the early 1990s. Journal of Sensors is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research and review articles related to all aspects of sensors, from their theory and design, to …Classification services Managing risk with confidence. the UAV classification of CDN is not consistent with scheme used by NATO; c. 1. They were developed within the MonANPeru project. , ocean, sky, forest, grassland, etc. The Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is a reference text for the academic and research communities, industry, manufacturers, users, practitioners, Federal Government, Classification of Multi-UAV Architectures. Based on the classification results of the images taken by the UAV a program for decision making or planning can execute different task to achieve the destined goals, e. The remaining water surface has been coloured in plain blue. Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are a new component of the aviation system, one which ICAO, States and the aerospace industry are working to understand, define and ultimately integrate. Many of the other performance characteristics are related to the weight of the UAV. In accordance with the 11th Air Navigation Conference. Micro and mini unmanned aerial vehicle are the smallest UAV technology. UAV Operator reported losing radio connection with their UAV on a commercial photography mission. Tier System (Deprecated) The previous classification system, termed the "Tier System", was used by military planners to designate the various individual aircraft elements in an overall usage plan for integrated operations. 1. 1 UAS Classification UAS can be categorized in a variety of ways based on vehicle attributes including the Vehicle Cost and payload capacity ranges for DoD UAV Groups (compiled from various public domain sources). Classification by Performance Characteristics 7 9 Feb 2017 Many atmospheric science investigations that typically use manned aircraft can be classified as dull, dirty, or dangerous. International sales:0086-0519-83262627. Meyer-Fujara Applications of military and non-military Unmanned Aircraft (UAV) Table of …A radar-based system for the detection and classification of unmanned aerial vehicles. UAS development went through a quantum leap, from lab concept to battle-tested proven technology. S. Different UAV classification schemes have been proposed to help differentiate existing systems based on their operational characteristics and their capabilities. PRICE CODE 17. Tech support:0086-0519-83262625. This is leading towards the design and development of UAVs with various sizes that possess increased on-board processing, memory, storage, and communication capabilities. UAV Airspace Classifications Discussion (Waivers & Authorizations) has 1,495 members. In this study, using a […]Mainly there are three technologies of UAV. Fixed-wing aircraft are also able to carry more equipment or weight for longer distances on less The Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is a reference text for the academic and research communities, industry, manufacturers, users, practitioners, Federal Government, Classification of Multi-UAV Architectures. UAVs can be classified into many different types depending on the purpose for which they are used. X-45 A is suitable for teamwork and engage in previously - undetected targets. February 2017. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS); which include a UAV, a ground-based controller, and a system of communications between the two. 1249309 . 3D Model in ArcScene Category Science & TechnologyАвтор: Nome predefinidoГледания: 6. The ML is widely applicable for identification, detection, classification, quantification, estimation, and prediction in precision agriculture (Singh et al. conservationgis. A new aerial platform has risen recently for image acquisition, the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). b. Classification of UAV Users These categories indicate the current private and public sector organizations that have shown interest as potential users of UAVs. UAV Classification Several different groups have proposed creation of reference standards for the international UAV community. The Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is a reference text for the academic and research communities, industry, manufacturers, users, practitioners, Federal Government, Federal and State Agencies, the private sector, as well as all organizations that are and will be using unmanned aircraft in a wide spectrum of applications. will not apply to class I drones; b. Surface Classication for Sensor Deployment from UAV Landings David Anthony 1, Elizabeth Basha 2, Jared Ostdiek 3, John-Paul Ore 1, and Carrick Detweiler Abstract Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to deploy sensor networks promises an autonomous and useful method ofThe X-45 UAV is further classified into 4 types: X-45 A, X-45 B, X-45 C and X-45 N. ” International Journal of Remote Sensing 38: 2639 – 2661 . Another observation is that classification approaches rarely exclusively use weight. Classification According to Size Very small UAVs. Coastal erosion and the availability of drinking water are two major coastal management issues that necessitate precise monitoring of the morphological The Canadian Aviation Regulatory Advisory Council (CARAC) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) System Program Design Working Group has made recommendations for amendments to existing regulations and standards, and introduced new regulations and standards for the safe integration of small UAV operations within September 19/18: Integrator ER UAV manufacturer Insitu is currently pitching a new variant of its RQ-21A Integrator to the US Air Force. Another classification is the ‘light weight’ UAVs which are between 5 and 50 kg. While DOD missions will not be considered as part of this report, it is recognized that many of the enabling Civil UAV Capability Assessment December 2004 . View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 11. com/projects/x47/ Shane Agostino In this letter, we propose an empirical-mode decomposition (EMD)-based method for automatic multicategory mini-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) classification. GEOBIA is an effective tool for species classification using UAV-acquired ultrahigh spatial resolution imagery. Micro and Mini UAVs. However, not all of these are available on the The X-45 UAV is further classified into 4 types: X-45 A, X-45 B, X-45 C and X-45 N. The very small UAV class applies to UAVs with dimensions ranging from the size of a large insect to 30-50 cm long. Our site uses cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience, if you choose to continue then we will assume that you are happy for your web browser to receive all cookies from our website. , LTD. Unmanned Vehicle University's Drone & UAV Pilot Training Certificate offers 10 hours of simulator, 16 hours of ground school and 16 hours of flight training Zen UAV Training Simulator is a comprehensive system developed to train External Pilots, Internal Pilots, Mission Commanders, Observers/Special payload operators and Image Interpreters. At the end of the program, students will receive the UAV Pilot Certificate that shows 10 hours of simulator, 16 hours of ground school and 16 hours of flight training for a total of 42 hours of training. Also, the background in the image is often highly heterogeneous, e. Drone operators across the country now get almost instantaneous airspace authorizations through LAANC. 2016. Sensors carried by the UAV include laser range finder, electronic support measures (ESM), communications intelligence (COMINT), electronic intelligence (ELINT), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and maritime patrol radar (MPR). For example more lift and thrust will be needed for increased weight therefore classification. Department of Defense (DoD) employs Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) across all The previous classification system, termed the "Tier System", was used by military planners to designate the various individual aircraft elements in Download scientific diagram | NATO UAS Classification [1, 2]. The US military uses a tier system with specific UAV requirements (e. UAV: A UAV is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. It includes mini UAVs, Tactical UAVs and Strategic UAVs. Tel:0086-0519-83262627. However, in a paper published late last month, the researchers described a process using a simple UAV that may reduce costs and increase efficiency of TerraScan UAV is available only in a bundle with other Terrasolid UAV software versions, such as TerraMatch UAV, TerraPhoto UAV, and/or TerraModeler UAV. to send the UGV to a …1)A single UAV image usually contains a high number of objects at different scales belonging to multiple categories. CAP 722, Unmanned Aircraft System Operations in UK Airspace – Guidance, is compiled by the Civil Aviation Authority's Intelligence, Strategy and Policy (ISP) division. Mounted beneath the fuselage, the SAR is used for surveillance target classification and wide area search operations. will implement STANAG 4670 directed to training for the equivalent Canadian classification of the UAS. This is not a manned aircraft and is as the abbreviation suggests. , Green, K. The classification analyses are chosen during experimental steps; planning the classification optimizes the data and enables conditions to be classified with the single run of the decision. comThe UAV is an acronym for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, which is an aircraft with no pilot on board. So following their mass, different names are used for UAVs: MAV: from Micro Air Vehicle, for UAVs having a mass of less than 1g; sUAS: is the acronym of small Unmanned Aircraft System, used for UAVs weighting less than 150 kin) UAV system capable of performing tactical intelligence collection. Classification of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. The UAV-based hyperspectral imaging system described in this study can realize aerial images with a resolution on the order of tens of millimeters. Figure 3: The classified point cloud. flown by a pilot at a ground control station) or can fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans or more complex dynamic automation systems. , clustery- or …Classification services Managing risk with confidence. In addition to the revised definitions and classifications of UAVs, we have devised a new generic workflow for the photogrammetric UAV flight planning, image acquisition, qualitydetermine causal factors in UAV accidents. AUDS (Anti-UAV Defence System) is a counter drone system that is designed to disrupt and neutralise unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) or unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) engaged in hostile airborne surveillance and potentially malicious activity. ACN: 1480099 (37 of 50) Synopsis . III. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) - typically referred to in media (rather erroneaously) as 'drones' - have gone beyond their original data-collecting roles over the battlefield to infiltrate daily life. Importantly, most classification systems also include some operational aspects in their classification system, such as the intended operational area. G. As a classification society, Lloyd's Register is an essential link in the overall safety chain of the marine and offshore industries. UAS platforms are An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. Timeline 5 2. 9KA Comparison of Image Classifications using UAV Aerial www. Photogramm Eng Rem S 76: 661–672. History of Aerial Drones and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles; Military Drones and UAVs – Predator UAV; Military Drones and UAVs – Reaper UAV categorise drones differently to the US Marine Core, who have similar but not identical methods of classification to that of the US Army. Add:The new …Information about all aspects of unmanned aviation. These systems are based on cutting-edge developments in aerospace technologies, offering advancements which may open new and improved civil/5/31/2018 · 2. PROBABLE CAUSAL FACTORS IN UAV ACCIDENTS BASED ON HUMAN FACTOR ANALYSIS AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM HUMAN FACTOR CLASSIFICATION AND ANALYSIS METHOD8/7/2012 · Feature Extraction - ArcGIS 10. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have proven their worth in operations around the world. Security restrictions limit drone operations near …UAS Platforms A White Paper prepared for 3. The European Association of Unmanned Vehicles Systems (EUROUVS ) has drawn up a classification of UAV …UAV-classification. 0 Lead author and contributing authors. LINKAGES 4. In addition to the revised definitions and classifications of UAVs, we have devised a new generic workflow for the photogrammetric UAV flight planning, image acquisition, quality“ An Investigation of Image Processing Techniques for Substrate Classification Based on Dominant Grain Size Using RGB Images from UAV. The next workflow is designed to detect and quantify palm trees in the rainforest. laws and regulations covering the export, re-export, and import of Defense related articles, technical data, and services. 1 Classification by Weight UAVs cover a wide range of weights. • Finally there is a micro UAV (MAV) classification for UAVs under 5 kg. UAV Characteristics Table 4 2. Point display methods Automatic and manual classification toolsA “Drone” is basically an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV) – an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. The Integrator ER is a medium-altitude UAV that will have either an endurance of 10h on station after traveling 200nm or or 6h on station after having traveled 300nm. It is also a precursor to a forthcoming DCDC Joint Concept Note on UAS Development and Utilisation andThe Saab 340 is a Swedish twin-engined turboprop aircraft. Due to that rigid wing the unmanned aircraft have natural gliding capabilities and are more forgiving in the air if facing piloting or technical errors. , 2016). Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems: FAA Should Improve Its Management of Safety Risks, Government Accountability Office report GAO-18-110, May 2018• Finally there is a micro UAV (MAV) classification for UAVs under 5 kg. An unmanned aircraft is a component of a UAS. UAS110 UAV Classification 2 Impetus during the early years of UAV development, classification methods for UAVs were driven by military requirements and the creation of standard terminology, although it changes frequently range of sizes varies greatly palm of your hand to as large as full-size aircraft UAS110 UAV Classification 3Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAV Dealers & Distributors Inquiries Welcomed ITAR Policy It is the policy of Homeland Surveillance & Electronics to adhere strictly to all U. For example the US Army classifications are: Drone UAV News Fine line matching and classification were performed with the TerraSolid modules TerraMatch and TerraScan. Classification by Performance Characteristics 7 Feb 9, 2017 NCAR / EOL Workshop - Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Atmospheric Research –. The relative motion of these parts is characteristic for different classes of targets, e. Information about all aspects of unmanned aviation. Meyer-Fujara Applications of military and non-military Unmanned Aircraft (UAV) Table of …Classification decisions taken at the 58th Session of the Harmonized System Committee have been released 10 January 2017 The WCO Harmonized System Committee (HSC) held its 58th Session at the WCO headquarters in Brussels from 28 September to 7 October 2016. These drones can fly at low altitudes that are below 300 meters. This article describes the technical specifications and configuration of a UAV used to capture remote images for early season site- specific weed management (ESSWM). They greatly improve the timeliness of battlefield information while Standardization in the field of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) including, but not limited to, classification, design, manufacture, operation (including maintenance) and safety management of …Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) Sources and Resources. , clustery- or …8/2/2015 · Haar Cascade Object Detection Face & Eye - OpenCV with Python for Image and Video Analysis 16 - Duration: 13:11. 14. Evolution of a UAV Autonomy Classification Taxonomy Abstract: At PerMIS 2002, the Air Force Research Lab presented a paper entitled "Metrics Schmetrics", which presented the results of a research study on how to determine the autonomy level of a unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). determine causal factors in UAV accidents. A general weight naming classification also exists for unmanned air vehicles UAVs. This type of UAV consists of a fixed wing which surface generates the major lift of the drone. (Montreal, 22 September to 3 October 2003) Download Citation on ResearchGate | Classification of UAVs | Different UAV classification schemes have been proposed to help differentiate existing systems UAVs considered in this report 3 1. In the present study, the micro-Doppler signature is exploited to discriminate birds and small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). https://www. ACN: 1479955 (38 of 50) Synopsis EMB-175 Captain reported a NMAC with a UAV on approach to LAX at 9000 ft in theMAV, sUAS and UAV weight classifications. The target is to determine a detailed map of the crops and weeds on a per-plant basis inDuring OIF, the Air Force also developed a full "reachback" capability for the Global Hawk, in which the UAV and its sensors were operated remotely from Beale Air Force Base, California, reducing Global Hawk's logistical footprint in the field by more than 50 percent. 1080/01431161. NUMBER OF PAGES Vehicles, RPV, Intelligence Collection, Tactical Intelligence, 135 Intelligence Requirements, Drones 16. 4) France: a. Many advancements have been taking place in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology lately. Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems: FAA Should Improve Its Management of Safety Risks, Government Accountability Office report GAO-18-110, May 2018Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAV Dealers & Distributors Inquiries Welcomed ITAR Policy It is the policy of Homeland Surveillance & Electronics to adhere strictly to all U. MECH ENG 3016 AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dr. . airforce-technology. Department of Defense (DoD) employs Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) across all The previous classification system, termed the "Tier System", was used by military planners to designate the various individual aircraft elements in There is no one standard when it comes to the classification of UAS. UAVs typically fall into one of six functional categories (although multi-role airframe platforms are becoming more prevalent):. ACN: 1479955 (38 of 50) Synopsis EMB-175 Captain reported a NMAC with a UAV on approach to LAX at 9000 ft in theCommunity-based guidelines require recreational operators to give notice for flights within 5 statute miles of an airport. In Figure 1, we show a couple of example UAV …the risk and potential consequences of mid-air collision with another UAV or a manned aircraft the risk of loss of control of a UAV the risk of intentional misuse of a UAV whether the use to which a UAV is put is Military/State, Commercial, Leisure or HobbyDifferent UAV classification schemes have been proposed to help differentiate existing systems based on their operational characteristics and their capabilities